Tuesday, 30 June 2020


22 June to 28 June 2020: We aims to help every competitive exam aspirant to revise at ease with Current Affairs Quizzes section. The week's updated quizzes cover topics such as Forbes list of world's richest people, Rohini Commission, Gothan Nyay Yojana and Citizenship Act among others.

1.Which Indian has entered the Forbes list of world’s top 10 richest people?
a)Azim Premji
b)Uday Kotak
c)Mukesh Ambani 
d)Shiv Nadar

2.The United Nations has honoured which state’s Health minister by sending invitation for UN panel discussion on World Public Service Day?

3.How much fund has been allocated under PM CARES Fund for 50,000 ‘made in India’ ventilators?
a)Rs 2000 crore
b)Rs 3000 crore
c)Rs 1000 crore
d)Rs 1500 crore

4.The government has declared Kushinagar airport as an International airport. The airport is located in which state?
c)Uttar Pradesh
d)Madhya Pradesh

5.The Cabinet approved extension in the term of Rohini Commission till when?
a)March 2021
b)December 2020
c)January 2021
d)May 2021

6.Which Indian state has announced Gothan Nyay Yojana to procure cow dung from cattle owners?

7. Which nation’s radio stations have started giving weather bulletins of territories claimed by India?

8.Which nation has decided to amend its Citizenship Act?

9.Which nation blocked Pakistan’s attempt to declare Indian citizen as 'global terrorist'?

10.Which nation plans to set up a permanent military base in the Indian Ocean?

11.Which country will host FIFA Women's World Cup 2023?
d)Australia, New Zealand 

12.Which nation’s space corporation is planning to take the first tourist on a spacewalk in 2023?


1.(c) Mukesh Ambani
Mukesh Ambani with a recent soar in net worth has jumped into the exclusive club of the world’s top 10 richest people, as per Forbes Real-Time Billionaire list. 

The United Nations has honoured Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja by inviting her on panel discussion on World Public Service Day, which was on June 23, 2020. She was the honored speaker from India to speak about the strategies that were adopted by the state to combat the pandemic.

3.(a)Rs 2000 crore
The PM CARES Fund Trust has allocated Rs 2000 crore for the supply of 50000 indigenously manufactured ventilators to government-run COVID hospitals in all states and union territories. 

4.(c) Uttar Pradesh
The Union Cabinet meeting which was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 24 has approved the declaration of Kushinagar airport in Uttar Pradesh as an International airport.

5.(c) January 2021
Justice Rohini Commission set up to examine the issue of the Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes has gotten its ninth extension for six months till January 31, 2021. The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the extension of the term of the commission. 

6.(b) Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel announced the launch of 'Godhan Nyay Yojana' in the state on June 25, 2020. Under the scheme, the state will procure cow dung from livestock owners at a fixed procurement rate to make animal husbandry commercially profitable, prevent open grazing by cattle and solve the problem of stray animals on roads and for environment conservation.

7.(b) Nepal
Nepal’s FM radio stations located close to India-Nepal border in Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh have started giving weather bulletins of disputed areas of Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura, which India considers as a part of its own territory. 

Nepal’s parliamentary panel recently proposed an amendment in the nation’s Citizenship Act. Under the amendment, a foreign woman marrying a Nepali national will have to wait for 7 years to get naturalised citizenship.

The Union States has blocked and terminated Pakistan’s proposal to proscribe an Indian national as a global terrorist by the UN Security Council (UNSC) 1267 sanctions committee.

10.(d) Iran 
Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) plans to establish a permanent military base in the Indian Ocean by March 2021. This was announced by IRGC Navy Commander Rear Admiral Alireza Tangsiri.

11.(d) Australia, New Zealand 
FIFA Women's World Cup 2023 will be hosted by Australia and New Zealand. The 37-member FIFA Council voted in an open vote to decide which country will host the Women's World Cup 2023. While Australia and New Zealand won 22 of the 35 votes cast, Colombia won 13 votes. 

12.(d) Russia
Energia Space Corporation in Russia announced on June 25 that it is planning on taking the first tourist on a spacewalk in 2023, under the terms of a new contract with a United States partner.


PM FME Scheme launched under Atmanirbhar Bharat

The PM Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprises (FME) has been launched under ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’. The scheme was launched by Union Minister of Food Processing Industries, Harsimrat Kaur Badal with an aim to generate investment of Rs 35000 crore and over 9 lakh jobs in the country.

Lockdown in Maharashtra extended till July 31

The lockdown in Maharashtra has been extended till July 31, 2020 for containment of COVID-19 pandemic. Maharashtra Government has announced that the ease in restrictions will continue to be effective such as government offices will continue to function with 15 percent strength or maximum 15 people, whichever is higher and private offices will operate with 10% strength.

Delhi Government to start its own Plasma Bank, asks recovered COVID-19 patients to donate plasma

Delhi government will start its own 'Plasma Bank' for treatment of Coronavirus positive patients. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has urged all the COVID-19 recovered patients in national capital to donate their plasma for the bank. Plasma Bank will begin its operations in next two days at the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi.

Madhya Pradesh to launch ‘Kill Corona’ campaign from 1 July

Madhya Pradesh Government will be launching ‘Kill Corona’ campaign with effect from July 1, 2020. Under the campagn, all the households in the state will be screened. The Government aims to generate health awareness and contain the spread of COVID-19 pandemic through this campaign, which is slated to be implemented from Bhopal.

Government to start 4th Phase of ‘Vande Bharat Mission’ from July 3

The Government will launch the 4th phase of ‘Vande Bharat Mission’ from July 3, 2020. Under this phase, Air India will undertake 170 flights across 17 countries during July 3 - 15, 2020.


China passes national security law for Hong Kong

China has passed the controversial Hong Kong National Security Law. The law will come into effect from July 1, 2020 and carries maximum penalty of life term in jail. The law has been passed on the day that is commemorated as 23rd anniversary of the day when the British passed Hong Kong to China. Earlier, the law received unanimous approval of National People's Congress Standing Committee.

KK Venugopal reappointed as Attorney General of India

KK Venugopal has been reappointed as the Attorney General of India by President Ram Nath Kovind.  Venugopal appointment has been extended for one year with effect from July 1, 2020. He was appointed as the Attorney General in July 2017 following the resignation of Mukul Rohatgi. Venugopal himself made the request for his reappointment.

Odisha, Sikkim and Mizoram added to One nation, one ration card scheme

The Government has added three more states Odisha, Mizoram, and Sikkim under the One nation, one ration card scheme. The announcement was made by Ram Vilas Paswan, Union Consumer Affairs Minister. With this, the scheme now covers a total of 20 states & UTs.

PM Modi Speech Highlights: Garib Kalyan Yojana extended till November 2020

PM Narendra Modi on June 30, 2020 addressed the nation in the context of Unlock 2.0 that will be effective from July 1. PM Modi extended the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana till November 2020 to support migrants and poor labourers. The Prime Minister stated that essential ration will be provided to vulnerable families even after Diwali and Chhat Puja.

 ‘Gaganyaan’ Mission will not be affected by COVID-19 pandemic

Union Minister Jitendra Singh has stated that ‘Gaganyaan’, India’s first human space mission will not be affected by COVID-19 pandemic. He assured that the mission will be launched before India celebrates its 75th year of Independence in 2022.

Sunday, 28 June 2020

28 June 2020 Multimedia Test Result

28 June 2020 Multimedia Test Result

S.No. Name Marks              Rank
1 Manu Choudhary 41 1
2 Rajkumar Gupta 36 2
3 Divya 35 3
4 Poonam 34 4
5 Yamini Choudhary 34 4
6 Suruchi 34 4
7 Ruby 34 4
8 Manoj Kumar 33 8
9 Jyoti Antil 33 8
10 Gaurav Kumar 33 8
11 Preeti Tiwari 33 8
12 Karan 32 12
13 Shubham 32 12
14 Vibhakar 32 12
15 Sonam 31 15
16 Shivani 31 15
17 Ankur Bhardwaj 30 17
18 Preeti 30 17
19 Hemant Kumar Singh 30 17
20 Sandeep Kumar 29 20
21 Ranjan 29 20
22 Sandeep Chauhan 28 22
23 Kalyani 28 22
24 Manasi Gosh 28 22
25 Shubhangi 28 22
26 Suman 28 22
27 Sandhya 27 27
28 Meera Yadav 27 27
29 Monika Yadav 27 27
30 Salvi Vatsa 27 27
31 Ranjeet 27 27
32 Kavita 27 27
33 Jyoti Malik 26 33
34 Sonika 26 33
35 Yash 26 33
36 Vivek 26 33
37 Sheetal 26 33
38 Sukhdeep 26 33
39 Mittu Sharma 25 39
40 Nancy 25 39
41 Amar Sharma 25 39
42 Chandan 25 39
43 Akhilesh 25 39
44 Ritesh 25 39
45 Ashish 25 39
46 Pragya 25 39
47 Jyoti 25 39
48 Amrik 24 48
49 Deepanshu 24 48
50 Himanshu 24 48
51 Kumud 24 48
52 Neetu 24 48
53 Manisha 24 48
54 Yamini Sharma 23 54
55 Dilip 23 54
56 Prerna 23 54
57 Naveen 22 57
58 Ritika 22 57
59 Deepika 22 57
60 Renu 22 57
61 Garima 22 57
62 Nidhi 22 57
63 Madhuri 22 57
64 Sheetal Tanwar 22 57
65 Suman 21 65
66 Govil Singla 21 65
67 Khushbu 21 65
68 Shivam 21 65
69 Ajay 21 65
70 Sumit Tiwari 21 65
71 Shweta 21 65
72 Swati 21 65
73 Vibha 20 73
74 Alka 20 73
75 Sushmita 20 73
76 Priyanka Soni 20 73
77 Shailesh 20 73
78 Sachin 19 78
79 Tuhina 19 78
80 Ashu Pal 19 78
81 Upnesh Pal 19 78
82 Priyanka 19 78
83 Vishal 18 83
84 Abhishek 18 83
85 Gopal 18 83
86 Shipra 18 83
87 Nisha Dagar 18 83
88 Harshit 17 88
89 Chetan 17 88
90 Neha 17 88
91 Sukhvinder 17 88
92 Seema 17 88
93 Monika 16 93
94 Heena 16 93
95 Sonial Malik 16 93
96 Kushal 15 96
97 Sapna 15 96
98 Tushar 14 98
99 Ramsaran 14 98
100 Rahul Singh 13 100
101 Krishan Pal 13 100
102 Haider 13 100
103 Priyanka Yadav 13 100

Saturday, 27 June 2020


 📝📝● Chemistry ●📝📝

1.तरंग चलती हैं, तो वे अपने साथ ले जाती हैं
Ans : - -ऊर्जा
2.: - सूर्य ग्रहण के समय सूर्य का कौन-सा भाग दिखाई देता है?
Ans : - किरीट
3.: - कपड़ों से जंग के धब्बे हटाने के लिये प्रयोग किया 
Ans : - -ऑक्ज़ैलिक अम्ल
4.: - गन्ने में ‘लाल सड़न रोग’ किसके कारण उत्पन्न होता है?
Ans : - कवकों द्वारा
5.: - टेलीविजन का आविष्कार किसने किया था?
Ans : - जे. एल. बेयर्ड
6.: - किस प्रकार के ऊतक शरीर के सुरक्षा कवच का कार्य करते हैं?
Ans : - एपिथीलियम ऊतक
7.: - मनुष्य ने सर्वप्रथम किस जन्तु को अपना पालतू बनाया?
Ans : - कुत्ता
8.: - किस वैज्ञानिक ने सर्वप्रथम बर्फ़ के दो टुकड़ों को आपस में घिसकर पिघला दिया?
Ans : - डेवी
9: - हीरा चमकदार क्यों दिखाई देता है?
Ans : - सामूहिक आंतरिक परावर्तन के कारण
10.: - ‘गोबर गैस’ में मुख्य रूप से क्या पाया जाता है।
Ans : - मिथेन
11.: - निम्न में से कौन-सा आहार मानव शरीर में नये ऊतकों की वृद्धि के लिए पोषक तत्व प्रदान करता है?
Ans : - पनीर
12.: - निम्न में से कौन एक उड़ने वाली छिपकली है?
Ans : - ड्रेको
13.: - अंगूर में कौन-सा अम्ल पाया जाता है?
Ans : - टार्टरिक अम्ल
14.: - कैंसर सम्बन्धी रोगों का अध्ययन कहलाता है
Ans : - oncology
15.: - घोंसला बनाने वाला एकमात्र साँप कौन-सा है?
Ans : - किंग कोबरा
16.: - भारत में पायी जाने वाली सबसे बड़ी मछली कौन-सी है?
Ans : - ह्वेल शार्क
17.: - दालें किसका एक अच्छा स्रोत होती हैं?
Ans : - प्रोटीन
18.: - देशी घी में से सुगन्ध क्यों आती है?
Ans : - डाइएसिटिल के कारण
19.: - इन्द्रधनुष में किस रंग का विक्षेपण अधिक होता है?
Ans : - लाल रंग
20.: - सूर्य की किरण में कितने रंग होते हैं?
Ans : - 7
21.: - ‘टाइपराइटर’ (टंकण मशीन) के आविष्कारक कौन हैं?
Ans : - शोल्स
22.: - सिरका को लैटिन भाषा में क्या कहा जाता है।
Ans : - ऐसीटम
23.: - दूध की शुद्धता का मापन किस यन्त्र से किया जाता है?
Ans : - लैक्टोमीटर
24.: - पृथ्वी पर सबसे अधिक मात्रा में पाया जाने वाला धातु तत्त्व कौन-सा है?
Ans : - ऐलुमिनियम
25.: - मोती मुख्य रूप से किस पदार्थ का बना होता है?
Ans : - कैल्सियम कार्बोनेट
26.: - मानव शरीर में सबसे अधिक मात्रा में कौन-सा तत्व पाया जाता है?
Ans : - ऑक्सीजन
27.: - आम का वानस्पतिक नाम क्या है?
Ans : - मेंगीफ़ेरा इण्डिका
28.: - कॉफी पाउडर के साथ मिलाया जाने वाला ‘चिकोरी चूर्ण’ प्राप्त होता है
Ans : - -जड़ों से
29.: - ‘विटामिन-सी’ का सबसे अच्छा स्त्रोत क्या है?
Ans : - आंवला
30.: - सबसे अधिक तीव्रता की ध्वनि कौन उत्पन्न करता है?
Ans : - बाघ
31.: - मानव शरीर में सबसे लम्बी कोशिका कौन-सी होती है?
Ans : - तंत्रिका कोशिका
32.: - दाँत मुख्य रूप से किस पदार्थ के बने होते हैं?
Ans : - डेंटाइन के
33.: - किस जंतु की आकृति पैर की चप्पल के समान होती है?
Ans : - पैरामीशियम
34.: - निम्न में से किस पदार्थ में प्रोटीन नहीं पाया जाता है?
Ans : - चावल
35.: - मानव का मस्तिष्क लगभग कितने ग्राम का होता है?
Ans : - 1350
36.: - रक्त में पायी जाने वाली धातु है
Ans : - -लोहा
37.: - मांसपेशियों में किस अम्ल के एकत्रित होने से थकावट आती है?
Ans : - लैक्टिक अम्ल
38.: - किण्वन का उदाहरण है
Ans : - -दूध का खट्टा होना,खाने की ब्रेड का बनना,गीले आटे का खट्टा होना
39.: - केंचुए की कितनी आँखें होती हैं?
Ans : - एक भी नहीं
40.: - गाजर किस विटामिन का समृद्ध स्रोत है?
Ans : - विटामिन A।    

: 🌼 कुछ महान कार्यों से सम्बंधित व्यक्ति 🌼 


1. ब्रह्मा समाज – राजाराममोहन राय
2. आर्य समाज – स्वामी दयानंद सरस्वती
3. प्रार्थना समाज – आत्माराम पांडुरंग
4. दीन-ए-इलाही, मनसबदारी प्रथा – अकबर
5. भक्ति आंदोलन – रामानुज
6. सिख धर्म – गुरु नानक
7. बौद्ध धर्म – गौतमबुद्ध
8. जैन धर्म – महावीर स्वामी
9. इस्लाम धर्म की स्थापना, हिजरी सम्वत – हजरत मोहम्मद साहब
10. पारसी धर्म के प्रवर्तक – जर्थुष्ट
11. शक सम्वत – कनिष्क
12. मौर्य वंश का संस्थापक – चन्द्रगुप्त मौर्य
13. न्याय दर्शन – गौतम
14. वैशेषिक दर्शन – महर्षि कणाद
15. सांख्य दर्शन – महर्षि कपिल
16. योग दर्शन – महर्षि पतंजली
17. मीमांसा दर्शन – महर्षि जैमिनी
18. रामकृष्ण मिशन – स्वामी विवेकानंद
19. गुप्त वंश का संस्थापक – श्रीगुप्त
20. खालसा पन्थ – गुरु गोविन्द सिंह
21. मुगल साम्राज्य की स्थापना – बाबर
22. विजयनगर साम्राज्य की स्थापना – हरिहर व बुक्का
23. दिल्ली सल्तनत की स्थापना – कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक
24. सतीप्रथा का अंत – लॉर्ड विलियम बेंटिक
25. आंदोलन : असहयोग,सविनय अवज्ञा, खेडा, चम्पारन, नमक, भारत छोडो – महात्मा गाँधी


* किसे सीमांत गांधी नाम से जाना जाता है ? --- खान अब्दुल गफ्फार खान
* किसे बिहार के गाँधी के रूप में जाना जाता है ? --- डॉ राजेन्द्र प्रसाद

* आधुनिक गांधी के रूप में किसे जाना जाता है ? --- बाबा आम्टे
* श्रीलंका के गांधी के रूप में जाना जाता है ? --- ए.टी. अरियाराटने
* अमेरिकन गांधी के रूप में कौन जाना जाता है ? --- मार्टिन लूथर किंग

* बर्मी गांधी के रूप में कौन जाना जाता है ? --- जनरल आंग सान
* अफ्रीकी गांधी के रूप में किसे जाना जाता है ? --- केनेथ कौंडा
* दक्षिण अफ्रीका के गांधी के रूप में जाना जाता है ? --- नेल्सन मंडेला

* केन्या गांधी के रूप में किसे जाना जाता है ? --- जोमो केन्याटा
* इंडोनेशियाई गांधी के रूप में किसे जाना जाता है ? --- अहमद सुकर्णो
* किस ने ‘दा वर्ड्स ऑफ़ गाँधी’ पुस्तक का लेखन किया था ? --- महात्मा गाँधी

* ‘गाँधी ऑन नॉन-वायलेंस’ पुस्तक का लेखन किसने किया था ? --- थॉमस मर्टन
* ‘दा लाइफ ऑफ़ महात्मा गाँधी’ पुस्तक का लेखन किसने किया था ? --- लुई फिशर

* पुस्तक ‘ग्रेट सोल : महात्मा गाँधी एंड हिज स्ट्रगल विथ इंडिया’ का लेखन किसने किया ? --- जोसेफ लेलीवेल्ड।

Friday, 26 June 2020

8.3 - ARTICLES PART - 03






1.             Our teacher told/(a) all of us that the sun/(b) rises in east./(c) No error (d)

2.             When the house was set on the fire, everyone /(a)started crying at the top /(b) of his  voice./(c) No error/(d)

3.             Trees of this  forest must be counted and numbered,/(a) and proper entries must /(b) be made./(c) No error/(d)

4.             In a hour’s time, I finished my  work, / (a) got up, and/ (b) slipped out unnoticed./(c) No error/(d)

5.             His father  forbade him /(a)from going  to party /(b) yesterday in the morning./(c)  No error/(d)

6.             The first step for solving a  problem  is   /(a) to know that/(b) problem exists./(c) No error/(d)

7.             After returning from jail, /(a) he has stopped,/(b) all his criminal activities./(c) No error/(d)

8.             To ascertain  the  number of /(a) the creatures  living/(b) on earth is difficult./(c)No error/(d)

9.             Brahmaputra is one of the longest rivers /(a) which originates /(b) in the Himalayas./(c) No error/(d)

10.         One should be true to one’s promises /(a) in order to earn /(b) name and fame in the life/.(c) No error/(d)

11.         Priya inspired him to take the heart /(a) in every adverse situation,/(b) and wait for some time./(c) No error/(d)

12.         Now I know that /(a) this chapter preaches  /(b) a simplicity in one’s daily life./(c) No error/(d)

13.         I know that /(a) Sunil will visit  Delhi /(b) during  following month./(c) No error /(d)

14.         The remedy lies in promoting values of humanism /(a) and democracy for combating /(b) terrorism./(c)No   error/(d)

15.         Joy told his brothers that they would/(a) go to court of law/ (b) for recovering their money/(c) No error/ (d)

16.         There was little milk in the bottle,/ (a) and she gave it /(b) to the baby when it  started crying./(c) No error (d)

17.         The Ganges is for north India /(a) what Godavari /(b) is for south India./(c) No error (d)

18.         The captain of our team is only person /(a) who can solve this problem/(b) without any delay./(c) No error (d)

19.         People of Indonesia are accustomed to the  warnings about cyclones, and /(a)  very few of them pay any attention to our words /(b)  of caution/(c ) No error/(d)

20.         “Music is science/, (a) but singing /(b) is an art,”/(c)  said our highly distinguished music teacher./(c) No error/(d)

21.         The loss of those ten jobs/(a)was considered an  necessary evil/(b) for saving the Company./(c) No error (d)

22.         Radha does not wear jewels, /(a)but  yesterday she/(b) wore enchanting chain./(c)) No error (d)

23.         In scientific matters credit must go to ‘/(a)a man who convinces the world / (b) and not to the man to whom  that idea occurred first./(c) No error.

24.         People realize/(a) the importance of a player’s skills /(b) only after the match is over./(c) No error (d)

25.         He is the best teacher/(a) of our school, (b) but unfortunately least recognized./(c) No error (d)

26.         Our teacher told us/(a) that sun is/(b)  a star./(c) No error (d)\

27.         Yesterday morning/(a) Amit hurt himself/(b) by a mistake (c) No error (d)

28.         The most reasonable union/ (a) will be union of (b) a deaf man with a blind woman./(c) No error. (d)

29.         I know that/(a) I should go to the temple/(b) everyday, but I do not do so./(c) No error (d)

30.         The answer to all/(a) our sufferings/(b) lies in the science./(c) No error (d)

31.         It was  not her failure that  made /(a) her lose her heart, but it was lack of /(b) emotional support.(c) No error (d)

32.         Many people/(a) in south India/(b) do not know the Hindi./(c) No error (d)

33.         We all shall go/(a) for the lunch/(b) at 2.00 P.M./(c) No error (d)

34.         You must know/(a) that the honesty/(b) is a virtue./(c) No error (d)

35.         We call Kashmir/(a) Switzerland of India/(b) because of its enchanting beauty./(c) No error (d)

36.         Let judge in you/(a) decide the punishment/(b) that you deserve./(c) No error (d)

37.         While climbing a hill, /(a) my friend, Amit/(b) found the box of books./(c)No error (d)

38.         The man is/(a) the only creature bestowed with/(b) the  sense of humor./(c) No error (d)

39.         Out of all those girls/(a) Radha was a centre of attraction/(b) for all of us./(c) No error (d)

40.         I know/ (a) that little knowledge of medical science/(b) is helpful in emergencies./(c) No error (d)

Thursday, 25 June 2020

8.2 - ARTICLES PART - 02


               THE USE OF ‘THE’

 i.                ‘The’ is used before something that is particular, or alone of its kind, or is separated by definition from other similar things.

1)      ‘War’ is terrible.

2)      ‘A war’ broke out.

3)      ‘The war’ ended after a month.

At no. 1:  ‘War’ is used in a general sense. Therefore, we use do not use ‘a’ here.

At no.2:  An individual war is meant. It is not specified so far. Therefore, we use ‘a’.

At no. 3:  The same ‘war’ becomes particular. It is there in the mind of the speaker as well as the listener. Therefore, ‘the’ is used.

War is terrible. China occupied a part of our territory. Indian delegation went to China for talks. The Chinese became very aggressive. A war started. Many people died. The war ended after one month.

We do not say ‘a gold’ (or ‘a snow’) because gold is not one of the things which are all present in front of us to be talked about or pointed at. Some of the things which are very unlike natural things are looked on as if they were the name of substances; for this reason we do not say ‘a learning’, ‘a behavior’, or ‘ a damage.’

ii.               It is used also for something which is particular.

1)      I bought a pen. (The noun, Pen, is individual, but not distinguished from other pens.)

2)      The pen was very useful. (Now the same pen is a particular thing or noun. Therefore, ‘the’ is used.)

Thus, ‘the’ is used for a particular thing stated earlier :

iii.              The is used also for a thing which is alone of its kind as :  the sun, the moon, the sky, the earth, the north, the south, the east, the west.

iv.              It is used also for a thing which is separated by definition from other things.

1)      ‘Boys’ play cricket.

2)      ‘Boys’ is used in a general sense. Therefore, we do not use any article.

However, ‘The boys of my class’ play cricket.  The words ‘of my class’ define ‘boys’ and therefore, make ‘boys’ particular. We apply ‘the’ before ‘boys’.


1)      ‘The money’ for charity was limited.

2)      ‘The pen’ on the table is new.

3)      ‘The man’ with the red bag is my brother.

4)      ‘The man’ in the kitchen has two cars.

v.                The is used also when we personify a person or thing as some other person or thing.

1. Mr. L.K.Advani is the Sardar Patel of the modern era.

N.B.:  No article is used before proper nouns because a proper noun describes itself. In these cases the identification of the object is self-evident


1)      Amit is my friend.

2)      Ravi is my brother.

3)      India is our country.

Also, the definite article is not used when the individualization is self-evident:

Examples:  father, mother, uncle, after lunch, dinner,   etc.

Father wants some money.

Meal is ready.

N.B.: The quality of a specified meal:

The dinner lust Sunday was delicious.

Exercise No. 3.2


USE:  - ‘A’, ‘AN’, ‘THE’, wherever necessary. Write ‘x’ if no article is required

Example:  I saw ________girl. ________girl was reading a novel.

I saw a girl. The girl was reading a novel.

1.              During _______ month of April, _______sky remains clear.

2.              In May_______ sun shines brightly.

3.              _______ Birds always want ________food.

4.              Amit has just left for _______ adjoining park.

5.              ________good players are liked by all.

6.              Ashok is _______ distinguished player of our team.

7.              _______ Rain never comes before the month of ______ August in this area.

8.              Look! , there is _______ letter that you wanted.

9.              This is _______ girl who won ­­­­­_________ third prize

10.          Many _________ youngsters live in _________ Delhi as it is ________ capital of India.

11.          Every room here needs ___________ furniture for its proper get-up.

12.          Amit went towards __________ east, and I went towards _________ west.

13.          Radhika does not know what _________ poverty is.

14.          ________fierce dog bit ________ tallest boy of our class.

15.          This tablet gave him _________ comfort for two days.

16.          After directing __________ mysterious and lengthy movie one needs _________ rest.

17.          _________knowledge lends credibility to one’s personality.

18.          Our army is responsible for__________ internal order too.

19.          _______flowers of the adjoining park are quite attractive.

20.          _______money is not everything.



Exercise No. 3.3

Fill in the blanks with a, an, the: 

Example:  (i) The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

1.              _____apple _____day keeps _____ doctor away.

2.              ___ Rajasthan Express is ______ fastest train of our country.

3.              Anil is _____ Dara Singh of our school.

4.              All of ____ sudden, I saw ______ ugly man coming out of _______nearby bushes.

5.              He is ____ M.A. in English and _______ lecturer in ______ Delhi University.

6.              My father is ____ teacher in ____ Senior Secondary School of Delhi.

7.              I saw ___ elephant, ___ stag,______ ewe, _____ram,____ ox, and _____Australian goat.

8.              _____red and ____white goat are together in ____field below.

9.              Standing up on ___ top of my house, I saw _____ unique phenomenon.

10.          It was decided that ____ retired judge would enquire into _____ incident of the firing that happened only ___ day before yesterday.

11.          She is ____M.A. in geography and is trying for _____ appointment of _____lecturer in any of____colleges of_______ Delhi University.

12.          _____cow is ____ sacred animal and is highly esteemed by ____ Hindus.

13.          I found ___ bag on ____ road; _____bag contained ____ knife _____ dairy and _____ one-Rupee note inside it.

14.          _____postman put ___ letter under _____ front door just _____hour after you had left for _____ University.

15.          ____man you saw here yesterday is ___ uncle of mine and ____ great lover of the Ramayana.

16.          There was not _____ policeman at _____ site of _____ accident. I was ____ eyewitness. I saw that ____ spectators were crowding round ____ victim.

17.          Sixty minutes or three thousand six hundred seconds make _____ hour.

18.          I prefer ___ apple to _____ orange or ____ banana.

19.          _______Indian girl is _____ good wife, but ____English girl is ____ good mother.

20.          The Taj Mahal is ___ unique building considered to be one of ____ best in ____world.