## Sunday, 25 July 2021

### Reasoning and Maths

Q 1-A and B can complete a work in 15 days and 10 days respectively. They started doing the work together but after 2 days B had to leave and A alone completed the remaining work. The whole work was completed in :

A और B एक काम को क्रमशः 15 दिन और 10 दिन में पूरा कर सकते हैं। उन्होंने एक साथ काम करना शुरू किया लेकिन 2 दिनों के बाद बी को छोड़ना पड़ा और ए ने अकेले शेष काम पूरा किया। पूरा काम _______ दिन  पूरा हुआ:

Solution:-
 (A + B)'s 1 day's work = { 1 + 1 } = 1 . 15 10 6
 Work done by A and B in 2 days = { 1 x 2 } = 1 . 6 3
 Remaining work = { 1 - 1 } = 2 . 3 3
 Now, 1 work is done by A in 1 day. 15
 so 2 work will be done by a in { 15 x 2 } = 10 days. 3 3

Hence, the total time taken = (10 + 2) = 12 days.

Q 2:- Two students appeared at an examination. One of them secured 9 marks more than the other and his marks was 56% of the sum of their marks. The marks obtained by them are:

एक परीक्षा में दो छात्र उपस्थित हुए। उनमें से एक ने दूसरे से 9 अंक अधिक प्राप्त किए और उसके अंक उनके अंकों के योग का 56% थे। उनके द्वारा प्राप्त अंक हैं:

Solution:-Let their marks be (x + 9) and x.
 Then, x + 9 = 56 (x + 9 + x) 100

25(x + 9) = 14(2x + 9)

3x = 99

x = 33

So, their marks are 42 and 33.

# Q:-ATNHG, DKCMB, CVPJI, GNFPE, EXRLK, JQISH, GZTNM, __

Explanation: In this series, alternate groups form different series.

Pattern for 1st letter: A+2, C+2, E+2, G

Pattern for 2nd letter: T+2, V+2, X+2, Z

Similarly, pattern for 5th letter: B+3, E+3, H+3, K

So, the next group in the series will be MTLVK.

Q:-FISH : SCHOOL

Explanation: A group of fish is called a school and a group of wolves is called a pack

Q:-One of the warmest winters on record has put consumers in the mood to spend money. The consumer intend of spending is seen to be the strongest in 13 years. During the month of January, sales of existing single-family homes hit an annual record rate of 5.70 mn.
This paragraph best supports the statement that:

Explanation: The argument here states that warm weather affects consumers inclination to spend.

Answer:-warm winter weather is likely to affect the rate of home sales.

PROSE = PPOQE
Q:- If in a certain language PROSE is coded as PPOQE, how is LIGHT coded in that code ?

Explanation:-
The first, third and fifth letters are same but in the place of second and fourth letters previous two letters are used. So,
LIGHT = LGGFT.

Q:-Vincent has a paper route. Each morning, he delivers 37 newspapers to customers in his neighborhood. It takes Vincent 50 minutes to deliver all the papers. If Vincent is sick or has other plans, his friend Thomas, who lives on the same street, will sometimes deliver the papers for him.

विन्सेंट के पास एक पेपर रूट है। प्रत्येक सुबह, वह अपने पड़ोस में ग्राहकों को 37 समाचार पत्र वितरित करता है। विंसेंट को सभी पेपर देने में 50 मिनट का समय लगता है। यदि विंसेंट बीमार है या उसकी अन्य योजनाएँ हैं, तो उसका मित्र थॉमस, जो उसी गली में रहता है, कभी-कभी उसके लिए कागजात वितरित करेगा।

Explanation:-
The fact that Vincent and Thomas live on the same street indicates that they live in the same neighborhood. There is no support for any of the other choices.

Q:-A man faces towards north. Turning to his right, he walks 25 metes. He then turns to his left and walks 30 metres. Next, he moves 25 metres to his right. He then turns to his right again and walks 55 metres. Finally, he turns to the right and moves 40 metres. In which direction is he from his starting point ?

एक व्यक्ति का मुख उत्तर दिशा की ओर है। वह अपने दायीं ओर मुड़कर 25 मीटर चलता है। फिर वह अपने बायें मुड़ता है और 30 मीटर चलता है। इसके बाद, वह अपनी दाईं ओर 25 मीटर चलता है। फिर वह फिर से अपनी दाहिनी ओर मुड़ता है और 55 मीटर चलता है। अंत में, वह दायीं ओर मुड़ता है और 40 मीटर चलता है। वह अपने आरंभिक बिंदु से किस दिशा में है?

Man's Movement :

Finally he is towards the South-East from his starting Point.

Two bus tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 77 but three tickets from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 73. What are the fares for cities B and C from A ?

शहर ए से बी के लिए दो बस टिकट और शहर ए से सी के तीन टिकटों की कीमत रु। 77 लेकिन शहर ए से बी के तीन टिकट और शहर ए से सी के दो टिकटों की कीमत रु। 73. ए से शहरों बी और सी के लिए किराए क्या हैं?

Explination:-
Let Rs. x be the fare of city B from city A and Rs. y be the fare of city C from city A.
Then, 2x + 3y = 77 ...(i) and
3x + 2y = 73 ...(ii)
Multiplying (i) by 3 and (ii) by 2 and subtracting, we get: 5y = 85 or y = 17.
Putting y = 17 in (i), we get: x = 13.