Thursday, 8 October 2020

Teaching Methodology Concepts




Teaching Methodology Concepts



What is CCE?

Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation was a process of assessment, mandated by the Right to Education Act, of India in 2009.


Continuous and comprehensive evaluation refers to a student assessment system which covers all facets of education. According to a CBSE Concept Note on Conceptual Framework of CCE, “it is a developmental process of assessment which emphasises on (sic) two fold objectives: continuity in evaluation and assessment of broad based learning and behavioural outcomes”.

Assessment processes.

The CCE process is made up of formative and summative assessment components.




Differences between formative and summative assessments


The evaluation takes place during the learning process.
Not during the process, but after it.


monitoring the learning process.
assign grades. achieved the learning goal or not.


improve student’s learning.
evaluate student’s achievements.



little content areas.
complete chapters or content areas.


Evaluation as a process. the teacher can see a student grow and steer the student in an upwards direction.

summative assessments or evaluations are considered to be more of a “product”.


Scholastic and co-scholastic Activities


The difference between scholastic and co-scholastic areas of assessment is below:


(i) Scholastic Areas of Assessment: These areas focus on oral and written class tests, cycle tests, activity tests and daily class performances of all subjects in order to improve writing and speaking skills.


(ii) Co-Scholastic Areas of Assessment: These areas focus on enhancing the skills of a student in general knowledge, environmental education, physical Education, art, music and dance and computers. These are assessed through quizzes, competitions and activities.


 
How many chapters does NCF 2005 have?


NCF 2005 is a document consisting of five chapters.

Who made NCF 2005?

The National Curriculum Framework is one of four National Curriculum Frameworks published in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT in India.

NCF Years

1975
1988
2000
2005

Learning without Burden include in which NCF?

NCF 2005


Micro Teaching

Micro-teaching is a teacher training and faculty development technique.
Microteaching is a technique aiming to prepare teacher candidates to the real classroom setting
One teacher teach and other teacher observe

Skill of Micro Teaching

Skill of Introducing, Skill of Questioning, Skill of Explaining, Skill of Black-board Writing, and Skill of Achieving Closure.


Micro Teaching Time : (5-10 Mins)
Micro Teaching Students: (10-15)
Short Topic

Reinforcement

Reinforcement can be used to teach new skills, teach a replacement behavior for an interfering behavior, increase appropriate behaviors, or increase on-task behavior.
Reinforcement is used to promote learning and to draw the attention of the students. It also provides a greater motivation to the students.
There are two types of reinforcement, known as positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement; 

What is scaffolding in teaching?

Scaffolding refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in the learning process.

Scaffolding helps students to become independent and self-regulating learners and problem solvers

Give mini-lessons.
Model/demonstrate.
Describe concepts in multiple ways.
Incorporate visual aids.
Give students talk time.
During lessons, check for understanding.
Activate prior knowledge.
Front-load concept-specific vocabulary.


National Policy on Education Years
1968
1986
1992
2020

The main objective of NCF 2005 are as follows:

Education of girl child.
Early childhood education.
Implementation of the national curriculum framework.
Vocational education.
Improvement in teacher education.
Improvement of thought of students.
Competitive value of education.


Quality of good teacher:

Strong Communicators
Listen Well
Focus on Collaboration
Adaptable
Engaging
Show Empathy
Have Patience
Real-World Learning
Share Best Practices
Lifelong Learners
Effective Teaching


RTE
Right to Education Act

1. Compulsory and free education for all
2. The benchmark mandate
3. Special provisions for special cases
4. Quantity and quality of teachers
5. Zero tolerance against discrimination and harassment
6. Ensuring all round development of children
7. Improving learning outcomes to minimise detention
8. Monitoring compliance of RTE norms
9.Creating inclusive spaces for all





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